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2004 Research Fund Awards

Acknowledging editors' important contribution to academia: ranking editorial output of individuals and institutions

Ofer H. Azar, Ben-Gurion University

Ofer H. Azar, formerly at Northwestern University in Illinois and now at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel,  is an economist whose research interests are in the areas of behavioral economics, industrial organization, competitive strategy, experimental economics, and the academic review process. More information is available at

This research project aims to create a ranking of editorial output of individuals as well as institutions. Such ranking is important for several reasons. First, as an appreciation for the valuable time that these individuals sacrificed in order to promote the academic review process, and thus the efficient dissemination of information. Second, once such ranking is published and recognized as important, it is likely that updated rankings will be published in the future. Knowing this will increase the incentives and willingness of individuals to participate in the editorial process. Third, such ranking may also help promotion committees in universities to consider the editorial productivity of an individual and compare it to others. Finally, this rankings is likely to of interest to many readers.

To create the ranking, a large database was constructed by recording the editors in the period 1985-2003 and their affiliation, for 50 top economics journals. Some additional data about the journals, such as the number of annual pages, was also recorded, and will be supplemented by additional data such as the impact factors of the various journals. This dataset will then be used to create a ranking of the individuals and institutions who contributed the most to the editorial process at these top journals.

Information communication technologies: evaluating force for change in developing world universities – and their communities

Colin Maclay, Chris Coward, Royal Colle and Raul Roman
Harvard Law School, University of Washington and Cornell University

Colin Maclay is a Fellow at the Berkman Center, where his work focuses on assisting developing nations in understanding and creating the environment needed for the appropriate use of information and communication technologies, and helping them to take advantage of the exciting opportunities these tools offer. He is Director of the International Technologies Group (ITG), which previously existed as the Information Technologies Group at the Center for International Development at Harvard University.

This project will examine current teaching, applied research and community service learning involving Internet and society issues in a systematic study of diverse developing world universities, with the intention of identifying ways for them to contribute more to their community or nation, and ultimately supporting this process through the creation of regional international university networks beginning in Asia and Africa.  The research will look deeply at the triple helix of universities, business and government, seeking to stimulate mutually beneficial relations among them.

Relationships among organizational learning, teacher learning and students' performance

Y.L. Jack Lam, The Chinese University of Hong Kong

Y.L. Jack Lam, has been Professor & Chair of the Graduate Program at Brandon Manitoba, Canada for the past 26 years, postdoctoral fellows at University of California at Los Angeles (1977), and Harvard University (1986) and visiting Professor at 21 Canadian, American, Australian, Taiwanese and Chinese universities.

Given the relative paucity of empirical findings linking organizational learning, teacher learning and students' achievement, the present proposal hopes to achieve the following objectives:

  • To develop and assess the validity of a tentative conceptual framework that governs an investigation into the relationships of learning among organization, teachers and students.
  • To verify these relationships in developing regions such as Hong Kong and Taiwan for future comparison with studies done in developed countries so that universal as well as particularistic patterns may be identified.
  • To contribute to our knowledge base on the critical linkage between school transformation and its performance.
  • To provide professional consultancy to schools in the transitional stage of increasing its inner capacity for change.

Promoting the use of quality practices in the manufacturing industry in Malaysia: initiatives, barriers and solutions

Chee-Peng Lim, Dr Zalina Abdul-Aziz and Dr Kim-Hua Tan
University of Science Malaysia and University of Cambridge

The main focus of this project is to promote the use of quality practices for process/product design, improvement, and control in the manufacturing industries in Malaysia.  Four local SMI/SME and one MNC organisations have participated in this project. Guidesheets on quality tools and techniques, especially in Design of Experiments (DOEs), for various levels of workforce in a manufacturing company have been prepared (see ). Innovative software prototypes that incorporate quality techniques (e.g. Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA), Response Surface Methodology, Randomized Complete Block Design) and soft computing technologies (e.g. artificial neural network models and fuzzy logic) have been developed. In addition, research into the use of concept and mind maps for the teaching of DOE has been conducted.

A total of five graduate students and more than ten undergraduate students have been trained in various domains of quality practices, and also integration of quality tools and techniques with soft computing technologies for implementation in the manufacturing industries.  To disseminate the research results, eight technical papers have been published in international conference proceedings and journals, including "" (in the International Journal of Quality and Reliability Management). In summary, the project has been completed successfully.

Comparative analysis of international copyright law applicable to university scholarship

Kenneth D. Crews and Jacque Ramos, Indiana University School of Law, Indianapolis

The management of intellectual property rights to scholarly works created at universities must begin with a fundamental understanding of the general principles of copyright law. This chart summarizes portions of copyright statutes from eleven countries for the purpose of concisely communicating critical elements of the law to all members of the scholarly communication chain: authors, institutions, and publishers.

This project is integral to the advancement of the "Zwolle Principles", a multinational initiative of the Surf Foundation of Utrecht, the Netherlands. The Zwolle Group seeks to promote more constructive understandings of copyright law as applied to the creation and publication of scholarly works by universities and other institutions of higher education. More information about the undertaking is available at

This study focuses on the copyright law of countries most closely associated with the Zwolle project. Laws of other countries may be added in the future. The selection of specific aspects of copyright law centers on provisions most relevant to the creation, acquisition, management, and publication of scholarly works – most notably journal articles, books, and other traditional works. Thus, the laws surveyed here encompass fundamentals essential to understanding copyright, as well as provisions specifically applicable to scholarship and the work of universities.

The latest on this project can be found at